Exosomes, tiny vesicles just 30 to 150 nanometers in size, perform critical roles in cell communication. Cells release these bubble-like structures, which carry proteins, lipids, RNA, and DNA to other cells. Such messages can change the function and health of receiving cells.

In the body, exosomes have vast roles. They help regulate immunity, repair tissue, and might even influence disease progression, including cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. Their ability to transfer genetic material and proteins positions them at the forefront of medical research. Scientists are focusing on how it can deliver drugs directly to target cells, leading to personalized and regenerative medicine breakthroughs.

Exosomes come from natural sources and can be tailored to transport specific treatments, setting them apart as a precision therapy method. This approach promises greater accuracy and potentially fewer side effects than traditional treatments.

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